HABILITATION RESOURCES IN FAMILIES WITH HEARING IMPAIRED CHILDREN: SUBSTITUTION AND COMPLEMENTATION OF SHORTAGE SERVICES (REPUBLIC OF MOLDOVA)

Liya Kalinnikova Magnusson, Cornelia Bodorin

Abstract


Habilitation of children with hearing impairment is becoming an integral part of the education system in Republic of Moldova, which remains one of the poorest countries in Europe. The research data presented in this article show that accessibility to education for children with disabilities is full of contradictions. The research focuses on the ongoing reform of special education and assesses the adaptation of democratic values in education from the perspective of habilitation. The families involved in this research were low income full families who had a school age children with hearing impairment, lived in an urban environment of the big city and experienced shortage of services for their children. The assumption was taken, that in search for solution these families tend to compensate for the lack of services by self-creating the resources of habilitation. Results of the qualitative research highlighted two problems: social and economic. The essence of these problems – management of social stigmatization through realization of habilitation resources as a mean to compensate and replenish the lack of services. Research data also revealed the necessity of further construction and conceptualisation of habilitation resources. KEY WORDS: habilitation resources, families of children with hearing impairment, special education, shortage of services.

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