CONTENTS OF STUDY COURSES “HISTORY OF PEDAGOGY” AND „LITERATURE DIDACTICS” IN THE 40IES AND 50IES OF THE 20TH CENTURY – PROMOTER OF STUDENTS’ HISTORICAL EXPERIENCE

Baiba Kaļķe, Elita Stikute

Abstract


During the soviet times pedagogy in Latvia develops in difficult and controversial conditions. It becomes a specific area of influence and a propaganda tool, in which ideologised guidelines of soviet pedagogy prevail. So far Soviet experience in education theory and practice (1940–1941, 1944–1990) has not been fully identified and evaluated because it is “recent” history. People living during the soviet times have developed self-experience, based on which conclusions can be made. At the same time young people develop this experience in their daily life (communicating with people, watching and reading in the mass media), thus based on other people’s experience. One of the sources promoting teachers’ historical experience is study courses The History of Pedagogy and Literature Didactics, in which future teachers gain knowledge about the historical development of pedagogy, learn different ideas proposed by famous educators, acquire skill in analysing pedagogical ideas in the context of a particular historical period, assess different offerings of pedagogy and their application in nowadays pedagogical situations. At the same time in the study course Literature Didactics future teachers enrich their knowledge about the development of Didactics of Latvian Literature during the soviet period, master their skills in critical evaluation of study contents, study programs, materials, additional materials, study aims, methods and approaches as well as teacher student interaction during the lesson.

KEY WORDS: experience, self-experience, indirect experience, study courses history of pedagogy, literature didactics, soviet period pedagogy.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.15181/tbb.v73i1.1271


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