ETNINĖS KULTŪROS SĄVOKA ETNOLOGIJOJE IR JOS VARTOJIMO VARIACIJOS LIETUVOJE

Petras Kalnius

Abstract


The article provides an overview of the emergence of the term ethnic culture, analysing how the notion of ethnic culture is understood in the ethnology of Western countries, and how it is interpreted by the creators of ethnos theory. In Lithuania, not only cultural workers but also scholars and researchers understand ethnic culture very differently. In order to dispense with the chaotic and extremely varied understanding of ethnic culture in Lithuania, the author offers several possible ways out: 1) if most ethnologists and cultural workers in Lithuania have accepted the fundamental postulate of ethnos theory, recognising that ethnic culture can be discerned from the entirety of the culture of the nation, then the notion of ethnic culture existing in the theory of ethnos should also be adopted; 2) if this understanding is rejected, then guidance should be taken from the theoretical approach existing in the ethnology of Western countries requiring us not to apply the notion of ethnic culture when discussing cultures of nations.

KEY WORDS: nation, ethnicity, folk culture, ethnic culture, national culture.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.15181/rh.v26i0.2048



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