PREVENCINĖ APSAUGA NUO MITINIO PASAULIO GRĖSMĖS LIETUVIŲ MITOLOGINĖSE SAKMĖSE IR TIKĖJIMUOSE APIE RAGANAS

Gailė Vanagienė

Abstract


The representation of the witch in Lithuanian mythological folk narratives and beliefs and her malicious activities as well as ways of preventive protection against these malicious activities are introduced in the present article. No focus was laid on numerous diverse malicious activities of the witch which encompass various fields of human life and the considerable number of ways and measures to protect against them in folk narratives and beliefs as passed on by people so far. Important to mention that the witch of the folk tales that is different from mythological folk narratives’ one is not ascribed to the object of research; and also, the sorceresses operating in mythological folk narratives are not ascribed there – because of their functions that do not concur with the ones performed by witches. The aim is to analyse the material found in written sources about the wrecking of the folk witch and the human preventive protection measures against witch wrecking ways. The objectives of the thesis: to distinguish the preventive ways of protection from witch wrecking found in folk narratives and beliefs; to distinguish between the potential universal protection measures against witch wrecking; to assess the intensity of witch wrecking during calendar feasts and to analyse the degree of variation of typical protection measures; to assess the intensity of witch wrecking and also the need of preventive protection during family feasts. The descriptive, the comparative and the interpretative methods were employed in the study.

KEY WORDS: witch, Lithuanian folk narratives and beliefs, malicious magic, protection against malicious activity, protection during calendar feasts, measures of preventive protection.

doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.15181/rh.v23i0.1792


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