HEALTH SELF-EVALUATION IN REGIONS OF LATVIA: THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE SITUATION AND CHALLENGES

Biruta Sloka, Kate Čipāne, Sabīne Anete Vasina, Emīls Volgasts

Abstract


The self-evaluation of health in Latvia has recently gained a special awareness, due to the financing for health being among the lowest in the European Union. Latvia has recently faced various difficulties, such as problems paying the salaries of medical personnel, and medical personnel emigrating to work in other countries.The aim of the study is to analyse the self-evaluation of health by inhabitants in the regions of Latvia.Research methods used in the preparation of this paper: the analysis of scientific publications and results of previously conducted research; the analysis of the results of a survey on household income and expenses conducted by the EU-SILC and the European Central Bank, compared with the results from other EU countries. The results of the survey are analysed using descriptive statistics indicators and cross-tabulations for the regions of Latvia. For areas, urban-rural living and ANOVA analysis of variance are used. To analyse self-evaluations by regions, the correlation of the relationship between health self-evaluation and educational level is used. The results of the analysis indicate that the situation of the regions of Latvia in the context of health self-evaluation is very different, and that there are very big demands on decision makers to find the best possible solution.

KEY WORDS: self-evaluation of health, self-perceived health, population health, regional development, EU-SILC, Latvia

.JEL CODES: K2; K11

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.15181/rfds.v30i1.2037


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