KRIEVU KALNS HILL-FORT: NEW DATA ON THE LATE BRONZE AGE AND PRE-ROMAN IRON AGE IN WESTERN LATVIA

Andrejs Vasks, Vanda Visocka, Linas Daugnora, Aija Ceriņa, Laimdota Kalniņa

Abstract


The article examines the results of the 2012 and 2013 archaeological excavations of Skrundas Krievu kalns hill-fort, situated in western Latvia. Krievu kalns was listed as a site in the 1920s, but it was not regarded as a hill-fort. During a site inspection, striated pottery was discovered, and this indicated that it might be numbered as a Late Bronze Age and Pre-Roman Iron Age habitation. Excavations revealed the site to be a hill-fort that was fortified in the 11th to the ninth century BC with a palisade made of vertical timbers. In the eighth to the fiftth century BC, the defences were moved outwards, thus enlarging the living area. There was possibly even later a third fence. Krievu kalns may be classed as a Late Bronze Age hill-fort with striated pottery, reflecting the characteristic Bronze Age cultural traditions of western Latvia.

Key words: Krievu kalns, hill-fort, buildings, finds, Late Bronze Age, Pre-Roman Iron Age.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.15181/ab.v26i0.2024


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